Difference between revisions of "NFS/Kerberos"

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Our user-data is stored in /export/users on artificial-flavours in a RAID 1 software array running on two 400 GB SATA disks. We export /users via NFSv3 and NFSv4. All of our systems NFSv3 mount /users.
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Our user-data is stored in /users on [[Machine_List#psilodump|psilodump]] on an ISCSI volume exported to [[Machine_List#aspartame|aspartame]], which exports /users/ via NFS. Plans to add a layer of LVM abstraction so as to support regular snapshot backups of /users/ are currently in-place, but not yet fully implemented. All of our systems NFS mount /users, and most of them do so using [[Kerberos]] for authentication.
 
We are now planning to run Solaris 10 as the disk server's operating system, with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZFS ZFS] as the file system, and exporting done via NFSv4.
 
   
 
We have also explored additional methods for replicating user-data, including AFS, Coda, and DRBD, but have found all to be unusable or problematic.
 
We have also explored additional methods for replicating user-data, including AFS, Coda, and DRBD, but have found all to be unusable or problematic.
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= NFS =
 
= NFS =
   
NFSv3 has been in long standing use by the CSC as well as almost everyone else on the planet. NFSv4 mounts of /users are currently in the works to CSCF. Unfortunatedly NFS has a number of problems. Clients become desperately unhappy when disconnected from the NFS server. Also previous to NFSv4 there was no way to client side cache resulting in poor preformance with large files such as virtual machine hard drives (note: caching has yet to implemented in the CSC).
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NFSv3 has been in long standing use by the CSC as well as almost everyone else on the planet. NFSv4 mounts of /users are currently in the works to CSCF. Unfortunately NFS has a number of problems. Clients become desperately unhappy when disconnected from the NFS server. Also previous to NFSv4 there was no way to client side cache, resulting in poor performance with large files.
   
On Novemeber 8, 2007, we experienced a major NFS failure. An analysis of the logs indicated that the fault was likely caused by NFSv4-specific code. As a result, we have returned to mounting with NFSv3.
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On November 8, 2007, we experienced a major NFS failure. An analysis of the logs indicated that the fault was likely caused by NFSv4-specific code. As a result, we have returned to mounting with NFSv3.
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In November 2015, we made another attempt at mounting with NFSv4 in the office. This was a huge time suck and failed sporadically. As a result, we have returned to mounting with NFSv3. NFSv4 ACLs/mapping seem to be the culprit. NFSv4, '''just not ready'''.
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== Troubleshooting ==
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* If NFS refuses to mount, with a message similar to "Incorrect mount option was specified", ensure that the "nfs-common" service is running. This is required for Kerberos authentication with NFS.
   
 
= ZFS =
 
= ZFS =
   
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On March 15, 2008, we transitioned to ZFS. This move has since been reversed; details are preserved in [http://wiki.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/User-data?oldid=2331 a previous revision of this page]
We plan to use ZFS in mirror mode. We also plan to implement [http://blogs.sun.com/mmusante/entry/rolling_snapshots_made_easy rolling snapshots], which can be accessed via /users/$USER/.zfs/snapshot/.
 
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[[Category:Services]]
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[[Category:Software]]

Latest revision as of 01:20, 4 December 2015

Our user-data is stored in /users on psilodump on an ISCSI volume exported to aspartame, which exports /users/ via NFS. Plans to add a layer of LVM abstraction so as to support regular snapshot backups of /users/ are currently in-place, but not yet fully implemented. All of our systems NFS mount /users, and most of them do so using Kerberos for authentication.

We have also explored additional methods for replicating user-data, including AFS, Coda, and DRBD, but have found all to be unusable or problematic.

NFS

NFSv3 has been in long standing use by the CSC as well as almost everyone else on the planet. NFSv4 mounts of /users are currently in the works to CSCF. Unfortunately NFS has a number of problems. Clients become desperately unhappy when disconnected from the NFS server. Also previous to NFSv4 there was no way to client side cache, resulting in poor performance with large files.

On November 8, 2007, we experienced a major NFS failure. An analysis of the logs indicated that the fault was likely caused by NFSv4-specific code. As a result, we have returned to mounting with NFSv3.

In November 2015, we made another attempt at mounting with NFSv4 in the office. This was a huge time suck and failed sporadically. As a result, we have returned to mounting with NFSv3. NFSv4 ACLs/mapping seem to be the culprit. NFSv4, just not ready.

Troubleshooting

  • If NFS refuses to mount, with a message similar to "Incorrect mount option was specified", ensure that the "nfs-common" service is running. This is required for Kerberos authentication with NFS.

ZFS

On March 15, 2008, we transitioned to ZFS. This move has since been reversed; details are preserved in a previous revision of this page