Difference between revisions of "Wireless"

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# Weak signal in MC 3036, preventing some laptops from connecting
 
# Weak signal in MC 3036, preventing some laptops from connecting
# Aggressive throttling of bandwith, even to wired systems within the club office
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# Aggressive throttling of bandwidth, even to wired systems within the club office
  
The second point is quite important: UW's wireless will begin to throttle high bandwith connections after a minute or two, decreasing bandwith slowly from 1MB/s or more down to 100KB/s or less. Members can expect to sit in the office for an hour or more if they want to download many packages off of the CSC mirror.
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The second point is quite important: UW's wireless will begin to throttle high bandwidth connections after a minute or two, decreasing bandwidth slowly from 1MB/s or more down to 100KB/s or less. Members can expect to sit in the office for an hour or more if they want to download many packages off of the CSC mirror.
  
 
To work around this problem we have an access point in the Computer Science Club.
 
To work around this problem we have an access point in the Computer Science Club.
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* Network: auth3net (129.96.192.0/23)
 
* Network: auth3net (129.96.192.0/23)
  
Clients must authenticate to the Network Authentication Applicance (NAA) as with uw-wireless, in accordance with [http://ist.uwaterloo.ca/ns/Admin/wireless/ this IST policy], points #2 through #4.
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Clients must authenticate to the Network Authentication Appliance (NAA) as with uw-wireless, in accordance with [http://ist.uwaterloo.ca/ns/Admin/wireless/ this IST policy], points #2 through #4.
  
 
=== Technical Overview ===
 
=== Technical Overview ===

Revision as of 00:51, 22 January 2008

Motivation

The UW wireless network has a couple of major deficiencies:

  1. Weak signal in MC 3036, preventing some laptops from connecting
  2. Aggressive throttling of bandwidth, even to wired systems within the club office

The second point is quite important: UW's wireless will begin to throttle high bandwidth connections after a minute or two, decreasing bandwidth slowly from 1MB/s or more down to 100KB/s or less. Members can expect to sit in the office for an hour or more if they want to download many packages off of the CSC mirror.

To work around this problem we have an access point in the Computer Science Club.

Configuration

  • ESSID: csc-wireless
  • AP: 00:0B:86:3E:54:F0
  • Network: auth3net (129.96.192.0/23)

Clients must authenticate to the Network Authentication Appliance (NAA) as with uw-wireless, in accordance with this IST policy, points #2 through #4.

Technical Overview

The AP connects to acesulfame-potassium through a secondary NIC. On acesulfame-potassium, the following decision is made:

  • IP packets destined for mathstudentorgsnet are brouted with SNAT to wireless-nat.csclub.uwaterloo.ca
  • All other ethernet frames are bridged to auth3net

The network is identical to connection through uw-wireless in all respects, except for the special treatment of mathstudentorgs traffic. This special treatment bypasses uw-wireless throttling for machines on our network.

Wireless Performance

Tests were done on a 700MB Ubuntu ISO at an off peak time.

  • uw-wireless
    • Initial speed: 1.3MB/s
    • Final speed: 40KB/s
    • Time: aborted after 27 minutes (got bored) with 67% remaining, ETA increased steadily throughout
 mike@freyr:/tmp$ time wget http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/ubuntu-releases/7.10/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
 --23:54:09--  http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/ubuntu-releases/7.10/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
 Resolving mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca... 129.97.134.71
 Connecting to mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca|129.97.134.71|:80... connected.
 HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
 Location: http://citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/iso/ubuntu-gutsy/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso [following]
 --23:54:09--  http://citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/iso/ubuntu-gutsy/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
 Resolving citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca... 129.97.134.37
 Connecting to citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca|129.97.134.37|:80... connected.
 HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
 Length: 729608192 (696M) [application/x-iso9660-image]
 Saving to: `ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso'
 
 11% [===>                                    ] 86,583,824   377K/s  eta 13m 34ss
 33% [========================>               ] 241,791,104 39.5K/s  eta 55m 48s
 
 
 real	27m40.165s
 user	0m1.008s
 sys	0m4.252s
  • csc-wireless
    • Initial speed: 1.83MB/s
    • Final speed: 1.93MB/s
    • Time: aborted after 6 minutes (ran out of disk) with 10% remaining, steady progress
 --00:27:07--  http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/ubuntu-releases/7.10/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
 Resolving mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca... 129.97.134.71
 Connecting to mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca|129.97.134.71|:80... connected.
 HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
 Location: http://citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/iso/ubuntu-gutsy/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso [following]
 --00:27:07--  http://citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/iso/ubuntu-gutsy/ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso
 Resolving citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca... 129.97.134.37
 Connecting to citric-acid.csclub.uwaterloo.ca|129.97.134.37|:80... connected.
 HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
 Length: 729608192 (696M) [application/x-iso9660-image]
 Saving to: `ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso'
 
  1% [>                                                                            ] 14,380,544  1.83M/s  eta 6m 29s 
 33% [========================>                                                    ] 243,488,896 1.92M/s  eta 4m 46s 
 65% [=================================================>                           ] 475,945,024 1.90M/s  eta 2m 21s 
 91% [=====================================================================>       ] 670,317,304 1.93M/s   in 6m 5s  
 
 
 Cannot write to `ubuntu-7.10-desktop-i386.iso' (No space left on device).
 
 real	6m4.935s
 user	0m2.124s
 sys	0m11.161s

While these are quite unscientific, they do demonstrate the huge performance advantage of csc-wireless. I will repeat them without aborting, when I have time.